People and Languages of Sikkim
Nepalis, Lepchas, and minor size of Bhutias and Limbus are the three major communities in Sikkim. The Lepchas or the Rong were the first ethnic group to settle in the region. In the 13th century, the Bhutias from Kham area of Tibet took for the first time the Mahayana cult of Buddhism to the state. In the mid-19th century, the Nepalis, the very last tribe entered Sikkim. And, the mixture of different cultures has helped in developing Sikkimese culture.

The Lepchas call themselves Rong Pa literally meaning ravine folk or the Mutanchi, meaning the beloved people of the mother earth. They worship the spirits of mountains, forests and rivers that is to say nature in general. They speak Lepcha language - the most ancient language. The Lepchas are mongoloid in appearance with oblique eyes small in size and fair in complexion, they are amiable, cheerful, and hospitable, good humored, sociable and peace loving. They make their living through hunting, fishing, trade and later agriculture.

Talking about Bhutias, they are followers of Buddhism and the monasteries occupy prime place and play a key role in the socio-cultural life of the Bhutias. They favor to live in patriarchal joint family. Their language is Sikkimese language (Bhutia language) and they are known as the class of village headmen and Landlords or Kazis.

Furthermore, the Nepali community of Sikkim is a mixture of various castes and a highly stratified society, speaking their own dialect and having a culture of their own. They are divided into the Bahuns, Chettris, Newars, Mangers, Murmis, Rais, Limbus, Tamangs, Gurungs and scheduled caste namely Kamis, Damais and Sarkis.

The religion and traditions of different communities of people living in Sikkim gives the state a unique blend of various cultures and a very warm atmosphere. And the people here are simple, warm and very friendly.

 
We are Associated with :
We Accept :