People and Languages of Darjeeling
The original people of the Darjeeling hills were Lepchas or Rongpa. Yet, their origin is doubtful, they are distinctly Mongolian in feature. The Khampas, the division of the Lepchas, are recent immigrants from Tibet. The majority of the people in the hills are Gorkhas. Nepali Gorkhas comprises the majority of the population of Darjeeling today. They come from different castes and dialect groups like the Limbu, Gurung, Tamang, Rai, Newar, Mangar, Sherpa and Thami communities. They are active and inventive and speak various dialects. The dumpy Mongolian sort Nepalese, the Gorkhas living here are prominent for their soldierly ability in the entire world. They carry the traditional weapon, the Khukri-a curved patterned knife.
Moreover, among all the inhabitants, Newars and Sherpas are well known for their courage, energy and for their immense contributions to mountain climbing. Also there is the settlement of the Bhutias and they are divided into Tibetan, Bhutan, Dharma and Sikkimese Bhutias and a greater size of Bengalee from Siliguri subdivision.
The Tibetan community is comparatively a latest accumulation to the population formed when thousands of Tibetan refugees inhabited across Darjeeling district. The rest of the population is a hodgepodge of people who are from the plains of India, from states like Orissa, West Bengal, Bihar, Assam and the like.
Lepcha, Tibetan, Sherpa and Bhutia languages having their own linguistic uniqueness are common language of the reason. Also, the Tamang, Mongar, Limbu, Newars are some of the major dialects. However, these dialects are swiftly losing their identity because of the influence of Nepali language. Beside the Tibetan, Bhutia and Sherpa of Tibeto-Burman language family there are speakers of the Sino-Tibetan Speech family i.e. Garwali, Ladakhi etc of North Himalayan regions. Additionally, Nepali speakers under Indo-Aryan language family form the biggest group. More that 75% people speak in this language.

 
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