History of Sikkim
The initial significant event in the history of Sikkim is marked by the Buddhist saint Guru Rimpoche through the land in the 8th century. He was the one who pioneered Buddhism to Sikkim. Buddhism, the major religion in the state, arrived from Tibet in the 13th century. Lepchas, the ‘original’ Sikkimese, actually came from Assam or Myanmar (Burma) in the 13th century, followed by Bhutias (Khambas) who escaped from religious conflict in Tibet during the 15th century. The Nyingmapa form of Mahayana Buddhism arrived with three immigrant Tibetan lamas who bumped into each other at the site of modern-day Yuksom. In 1641, they crowned Phuntsog Namgyal as first Chogyal (king) of Sikkim. The capital later moved to Rabdentse (near Pelling), then to Tumlong (now hidden ruins behind Phodong) before finally settling in Gangtok. Over the centuries, the territory was lost to the Bhutanese, the Nepalese and the British and throughout the 19th century large numbers of Hindu Nepali migrants arrived, eventually coming to form a majority of Sikkim’s population.

The import of number of workers from Nepal to work in the tea plantations of Sikkim, Darjeeling and Kalimpong was made possible due to the British policy to lessen the strong Tibetan influence. After India got independence, the eleventh Chogyal, Tashi Namgyal, struggled hard to put off the dissolution of his kingdom. Formally, Sikkim was a territory of India, and the responsibility of India turned out to be gradually more crucial with the Chinese military build-up along the northern borders that terminated in an actual invasion early in the 1960s.

It was only after the Treaty of Sugauli, that Sikkim acquired the status of an independent region. It was added to India as an associate state in 1975 and gradually attained full Statehood. Thus, the cumbersome monarchy was brought to an end in Sikkim. The historical place of Sikkim can be visited with the support of Frontline Tours & Travels.  
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