Geographically, Nepal is wedged between China and India stretching across diverse picturesque landscape and encompassing the total surface area of 147181 square kilometers. Lowland Terai Region, Hilly Regions in the middle and Mountainous Region in the north are three different regions of Nepal based on topography. Terai, Siwalik, Middle Mountain and High Himalaya are the five different regions on the basis diverse ecological settings of the Nepal. The geographic coordinates of Nepal lie between 28°00′N 84°00′E.

Terai Region
Terai region occupies about 17 percent of the total land area of the country. Terai provides excellent elevation of these flatlands ranges from 65m to 50m above the sea level. In Terai region, Sub-tropical forest areas that include one-horned rhinoceros and the Gharial crocodiles, marshes and wildlife Royal Bengal Tiger are found.

Hill Region
Hill Region occupies about 68 percent of total land of Nepal. Hilly range is formed by the Mahabharata range that ranges from 500m to 4877m and the lower Chure range including Kathmandu. In this region, the temperature reaches an average of 32 degree Celsius during the summer while winters are very cold (sometimes, the temperature reaches 1 degree Celsius). The eastern part of Terai Region receives more rainfall because of the monsoon clouds coming from the southeast part. As the rivers in the western Terai do not receive much rainfall, they are dependent upon the melted snow which flows down from the Mountains. We can find various species of birds and other wildlife in this region. Actually, the people in this region have gained a lot from the growth of tourism industry in Nepal.

Mountainous Region
Mountainous Region ranges between the altitudes of 4877 meters to 8848 meters. And this is the region which includes major eight of the ten highest summits in the world which exceeds the altitude of 8000 meters including Mt Everest (8848m), Mt. Kanchenjunga (8586), Mt. Lhotse (8516), Mt. Makalu (8463m), Mt. Cho Oyu (8201m), Mt. Dhaulagiri (8167 m), Mt. Manaslu (8163 m) and Annapurna I (8091 m). Himalayan range of Nepal makes up the northern border of the country and occupies 15 percent of total land. The Sparse vegetation is found up to 4500m. We can find some of Nepal's most beautiful animals and plants. Rarely but we can also find some snow leopards and Danphe birds too. People who live in this region generally produce and then sell the yak cheese besides working as porters and guides. Many other people also trade with Tibet and travel across the border to sell their goods.
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