Geography of Sikkim
Geographically diverse Sikkim is a land of the high mountains. The climate here ranges from subtropical to high alpine. Almost the entire state is hilly, with the elevation ranging from 280 meters (920 feet) to 8,585 meters (28,000 feet). Kanchenjunga, the world's third highest peak is located in Sikkim, spanning its northern border with Nepal. The two main mountain ranges in Sikkim are the Singilela range on the Western border and the rising and falling Chola range on the Eastern border. The boundary between Sikkim and Bhutan is defined by the Pangolia Range located in the south eastern part of the state.

The state has 28 mountain peaks, 21 glaciers, 227 high altitude lakes, 5 hot springs, and over 100 rivers and streams. Eight mountain passes connect the state to Tibet, Bhutan and Nepal. The land is unfit for agriculture in most area because of the steep and rocky slopes. However, certain hill slopes have been transformed into farm lands using terrace farming method and is used for farming. The kind of soil available here is perfect for evergreen flourishing forests. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people.

And, abundant snow-fed streams in Sikkim have carved out river valleys in the west and south of the state. These rivers combine into the Teesta and its branch, the Rangeet. The lush green scenery of Sikkim is busted by the waterfalls that flow down the hillsides in the valley. These cascades can be found almost all over the Sikkim especially in the North Sikkim, on the road between Mangan and Lachung as well as in the Dzongu area.

Besides, Sikkim has four districts, East Sikkim, West Sikkim, North Sikkim and South Sikkim which are further divided into sub-divisions. "Pakyong" is the sub-division of East District. "Soreng" is the sub-division of West District. "Chungthang" is the sub-division of North District. "Ravongla" is the sub-division of South District.



 
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