Geography of Darjeeling
Darjeeling is located at an average elevation of 2,050m. The hills are part of the Mahabharat range or lesser Himalayan. The most prominent mountain visible from this region is Kanchenjunga (8,598m). Here, we can see diverse climatic zones with typical features and rare animals like red panda etc. along with orchids and medicinal plants. This hill area is formed of rock structure that has a direct bearing on landslides. Heavy monsoon rainfall is the main cause of these disasters. The average annual rainfall in Darjeeling town fluctuates between 1870-3690mm.
During summer month the temperature ranges from 16 degrees Celsius to 17 degrees Celsius on the high altitudes and during winter falls to almost 5 degrees Celsius. The average temperature swings from 24 degrees Celsius in the plains and descents below 12 degrees Celsius on the elevated areas.
It occupies the northern tip of West Bengal and ties its borders with Sikkim in the north, Nepal in the west, Bhutan and New Jalpaiguri district in the east and Bangladesh, Uttar Dinajpur district and Bihar in the south. Moreover, Raman River and a part of Rangit River demarcate the boundary with Sikkim in the north. Besides, the north-eastern division slopes swiftly and ends in the Lebong spur, while the north-western arm passes through north point and ends in the valley near Tukver Tea Estate. The hills are burrowed within higher peaks and the snow covered Himalayan ranges tower over the town in the distance.
The inner hill belt is demarcated by an edge stretching from the Darjeeling Hill to the west and Kalimpong Hill to the east and we can see the southerly flowing Tista valley in between. The Kalimpong Hill is slightly rough in topography and is dissipated by deeply sliding gorges and streams that contribute to the Tista and Jaldhaka River system.

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